Cape Verde


Cape Verde has a beauty that leaves no one indifferent. The landscapes, beautiful beaches, the valleys, the historic monuments, the viewpoints, the gastronomy, culture, music, morabeza and the pleasant climate practically all year round makes Cape Verde a unique destination when it comes to relieving the stress of everyday life.

Santa Maria, Sal© Photo by Jorgen Backersgard
Laginha, São Vicente© Photo by Peter
Fogo Volcano© Photo by IWRM AIO SIDS
Fontainhas, Santo Antão© Photo by Claudine Daemen
Serra Malagueta, Santiago© Photo by Virginia Humanities
Boavista© Photo by Espen Faugstad


Cape Verde was found in 1460 by the Portuguese António da Noli and Diogo Gomes. As Cape Verde has a privileged geographic position, they soon had an interest in occupying the islands, as these could serve as a place to support Portuguese maritime navigation and to establish trade with the African coast.

The settlement began on the island of Santiago, more concretely in Ribeira Grande, old city in 1462, because it offered better conditions of stay. Ribeira Grande came to be called Old City because of its history time.

Forte Real, Cidade Velha© Photo by David Stanley

Due to the labor needs on the island, it forced the slave trade, notably Senegal and Guinea. The islands transformed into a place of commerce between Portugal and West Africa. Wood, textiles, sugarcane are the attractions that have attracted many Portuguese and Europeans to the islands.

Amílcar Cabral and his associates dedicated their lives to the liberation of their people and to the struggle against the Portuguese colonial regime. In 1956, Amílcar Cabral, together with Aristides Pereira, his brother Luiz Cabral, among others founded the clandestine party: African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC).

The PAIGC sent several proposals to the Portuguese government to give the people of Guinea and Cape Verde the freedom to decide their destiny. If government rejects requests then began the armed struggle. 19 December 1974 an agreement was signed between PAIGC and Portugal. On July 5 they proclaimed the country independence. The leader had already died, and Aristides Pereira succeeded the power and from then on, the country went into national politics from 1991 until today.

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